[1]黄召凤,朱柏静.1947年广东大水灾及地方政府应对——以《广东全省水灾紧急救助委员会会刊》为中心的考察[J].防灾科技学院学报,2017,19(02):87-93.
 Huang Zhaofeng,Zhu Bojing.Flood Disaster in Guangdong in 1947 and Local Government Response:an Investigation Based on Guangdong Province’s Flood Emergency Rescue Committee[J].JOURNAL OF INSTITUTE OF DISASTER PREVENTION,2017,19(02):87-93.
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1947年广东大水灾及地方政府应对——以《广东全省水灾紧急救助委员会会刊》为中心的考察()
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《防灾科技学院学报》[ISSN:1673-8047/CN:13-1377/P]

卷:
第19卷
期数:
2017年02期
页码:
87-93
栏目:
目次
出版日期:
2017-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Flood Disaster in Guangdong in 1947 and Local Government Response: an Investigation Based on Guangdong Province’s Flood Emergency Rescue Committee
作者:
黄召凤1朱柏静2
1.湖南师范大学,湖南 长沙 410081; 2.杭州师范大学,浙江 杭州 311121
Author(s):
Huang Zhaofeng1 Zhu Bojing2
1.School of History and Culture, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China; 2. Hangzhou Normal University, Zhejiang 311121, China
关键词:
广东水灾地方政府社会救济
Keywords:
Guangdong flood local government social relief
分类号:
X43
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
1947年夏,广东省遭遇数十年来罕见特大水灾,给全省人民的生命和财产带来了不可估量的巨大损失,同时也引起了广东省地方政府的密切关注。面对突如其来的灾害,广东省政府在第一时间内成立广东省水灾紧急救助委员会,具体负责灾后救助与重建事宜。此次水灾,广东省地方政府有力作为,发挥了上下联动、内外配合的优势,在勘灾、筹募、赈济等环节形成一套较为完备的应对机制,弥补了中央政府在特殊时期由于兵祸连年,财政匮乏而导致应灾机制的不足,一定程度上收到较好的效果。
Abstract:
In the summer of 1947, Guangdong suffered a rare flood in the past few decades. The flood brought immeasurable loss to the life and property of the people in the whole province, arousing close attention from the local governments. Facing the sudden disaster, the Guangdong provincial government set up the Guangdong Province Flood Emergency Relief Committee promptly for disaster relief and reconstruction etc.. In the process of flood disposal, the local governments of Guangdong, as a powerful force, giving full play to their advantages of upper-lower linkage and internal-external coordination, formed a set of relatively complete response mechanism in disaster survey, collect, relief etc. makeing up for the shortage of the disaster response mechanism of the central government due to the successive years of fighting and the lack of finance in special periods. In a word, this set of medianism proves to bea success to some degree.

参考文献/References:

[1] 李文海.近代中国灾荒纪年 [M].长沙:湖南教育出版社,1990.
[2] 广东全省水灾紧急救济委员会编辑.广东全省水灾紧急救济委员会会刊[C]//古籍影印室编.民国赈灾史料初编:第六册.北京:国家图书馆出版社,2008.
[3] 李文海,林敦奎,宫明,等.近代中国灾荒纪年续编(1919-1949)[M].长沙:湖南教育出版社,1993.
[4] 粤水灾严重[N].大公报,1947-06-18(3).
[5] 行总联总救济水灾[N].大公报,1947-07-09(3).
[6] 粤桂等省淫雨成灾[N].申报,1947-06-22(1).
[7] 联行总急赈粤灾[N].申报,1947-07-09(2).
[8] 曾桂林.鼎革之际的灾害与社会应对:民国元年温处水灾的个案研究[M]//阿利亚·艾尼瓦尔,高建国.从内地到边疆:中国灾害史研究的新探索.乌鲁木齐:新疆人民出版社,2014:2-3.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-03-06 作者简介:黄召凤(1990—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事中国近代社会文化史方向的研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01