[1]秦云苗,郭立平,张卫中,等.三种观测标准的霾日与空气污染日对比分析[J].防灾科技学院学报,2017,19(03):52-56.
 Qin Yunmiao,Guo Liping,Zhang Weizhong,et al.Contrast Analysis Between the Haze Days under Three Observation Standards and the Days of Air Pollution[J].JOURNAL OF INSTITUTE OF DISASTER PREVENTION,2017,19(03):52-56.
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三种观测标准的霾日与空气污染日对比分析()
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《防灾科技学院学报》[ISSN:1673-8047/CN:13-1377/P]

卷:
第19卷
期数:
2017年03期
页码:
52-56
栏目:
目次
出版日期:
2017-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Contrast Analysis Between the Haze Days under Three Observation Standards and the Days of Air Pollution
作者:
秦云苗1郭立平1张卫中1单琨1乐章燕1闫利霞2
1.河北省廊坊市气象局,河北 廊坊065000;2.河北省霸州市气象局,河北 霸州065700
Author(s):
Qin Yunmiao1 Guo Liping1 Zhang Weizhong1 Shan Kun1 Le Zhangyan1 Yan Lixia2
1 Langfang Meteorological Bureau, Langfang 065000, China; 2 Bazhou Meteorological Bureau, Bazhou 065700, China
关键词:
霾观测标准 空气污染日 对比分析
Keywords:
haze observation standard air pollution contrastive analysis
分类号:
P427.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目前气象观测业务和空气污染分析中存在对霾日统计的分歧,甚至出现空气污染日无霾的现象,对霾观测标准的科学划分,显得非常重要和紧迫。利用2013—2015年廊坊市气象观测站能见度、相对湿度、霾人工观测资料和廊坊市环保局AQI、PM2.5浓度等气象环保资料,对目前观测业务和空气污染分析中常用的三种霾观测、统计方法进行了对比分析。分析发现:目前廊坊气象观测站所依据的记录霾天气现象的标准,与实际大气污染相趋甚远,不能反映实际的空气污染状况,建议国家及省级相关部门及早根据实际情况,更新霾观测标准,更好地为当前大气污染的防治工作提供客观依据。
Abstract:
Presently there exists statistical discrepancy of haze days between meteorological operation and air pollution analysis Bureau. In extreme occasions, on a reported air pollution day there is no haze observatory record from weather station. Therefore, it is urgent and important to take a scientific methodology to define the standard of haze observation. In this paper, based on the data (including visibility, relative humidity and manual haze observation from Langfang Meteorological Observatory station and the Environment Protection Bureau reports on AQI and PM2.5 concentration) during 2013 and 2015, a contrastive analysis was made between haze observation and air pollution from the respects of haze observation and statistical methods. As the analysis indicates, the observation standard used by Langfang Meteorological Observatory station to record haze days fails to reflect the actual air pollution. So it is highly suggested that national and provincial relevant departments take prompt actions to update haze observation standards to provide objective basis for the the control and prevention of atmospheric pollution.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-04-27 基金项目:河北省廊坊市气象局2016年廊坊灾害性天气预报技术手册(201601)项目资助. 作者简介:秦云苗(1973—),女,本科,工程师,主要从事气象台站地面观测工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01