[1]郭兴利,郭雪琦,卓海涵.城市地震避难所空间选址适宜性评价方法研究——以台中市西屯区为例[J].防灾科技学院学报,2017,19(04):71-79.
 Guo Xingli,Guo Xueqi,Zhou Haihan.Research on Suitability Evaluation Method of Spatial Location of Urban Earthquake Shelters——A Case of Xitun District in Taichung City[J].JOURNAL OF INSTITUTE OF DISASTER PREVENTION,2017,19(04):71-79.
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城市地震避难所空间选址适宜性评价方法研究——以台中市西屯区为例()
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《防灾科技学院学报》[ISSN:1673-8047/CN:13-1377/P]

卷:
第19卷
期数:
2017年04期
页码:
71-79
栏目:
目次
出版日期:
2017-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on Suitability Evaluation Method of Spatial Location of Urban Earthquake Shelters——A Case of Xitun District in Taichung City
作者:
郭兴利郭雪琦卓海涵
福建师范大学 地理科学学院, 福建 福州350007
Author(s):
Guo Xingli Guo Xueqi Zhou Haihan
Fujian Normal University, College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Fuzhou 350007, China
关键词:
地震避难场所 适宜性评价 空间选址 台中市
Keywords:
Earthquake shelter suitability evaluation spatial location analysis Taichung city
分类号:
P315.0
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
地震避难场所是保障城市安全的一项重要的公共服务措施,对其空间选址的适宜性进行评价,有利于完善城市规划,更好地服务于民。以台中市西屯区为例,从安全性、有效性、接近性三个方面选取指标因子进行地震灾害的风险分析,根据台湾专家建立的层次化评价指标体系确立因子权重,应用灰关联法获得地震避难所评价指标的相对权重与排序,建立避难所空间点位评价模型,再借助mat-lab进行灰色关联矩阵的分析运算,最终获得评估结果。结果表明:在45个研究对象中,大部分公园或学校具有较强的适宜性,可以作为地震避难所;其中有16处公园或学校不宜作为城市地震避难场所。评估结果对台中市地震避难所的合理规划和空间选址适宜性分析有一定的借鉴意义,对海峡西岸地区的避难所评价方法研讨有重要的参考价值。
Abstract:
Earthquake shelter is an important public service measure to ensure urban security. To evaluate the suitability of its spatial location is conducive to improving urban planning and serving the people better. Taking the Xitun District of Taichung City as an example, the suitability evaluation index factors are selected from three aspects: safety, effectiveness and accessibility. defining the weights of this study’s factors according to the hierarchical evaluation index system established by Taiwan experts, obtain the relative weights and sorting of evaluation index of earthquake shelters by gray correlation method, and establish the space-point position evaluation model of the shelters, and then use mat-lab for gray correlation matrix analysis and operation to obtain the final evaluation results. The result showed that in 45 subjects, most of parks or schools with stronger suitability can be as the earthquake disasters; there are 16 parks or schools should not be taken as the city earthquake disasters. The evaluation result have certain significance for rational planning of Taichung City earthquake disaster and the range of city earthquake disaster suitability analysis. At the same time, it has an important reference value for the evaluation method of disaster shelters in the west side of the Taiwan Straits.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-10-30
作者简介:郭兴利(1991—),男,硕士研究生,主要从事灾害风险管理、水土保持与生态恢复等方面的研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-12-30