[1]孟聪敏.北宋陕西蝗灾探析[J].防灾科技学院学报,2018,20(03):86-92.
 Meng Congmin.Research on Locust Plagues in Shaanxi Province in the Northern Song Dynasty[J].JOURNAL OF INSTITUTE OF DISASTER PREVENTION,2018,20(03):86-92.
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北宋陕西蝗灾探析
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《防灾科技学院学报》[ISSN:1673-8047/CN:13-1377/P]

卷:
第20卷
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
86-92
栏目:
目次
出版日期:
2018-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on Locust Plagues in Shaanxi Province in the Northern Song Dynasty
作者:
孟聪敏
西北民族大学 历史文化学院,甘肃 兰州730030
Author(s):
Meng Congmin
School of History and Culture, Northwest University for Nationalities,Lanzhou 730030,China
关键词:
北宋 陕西 蝗灾 时空分布 治蝗
Keywords:
the Northen Song Dynasty Shaanxi province locust plague temporal and spatial distribution the elimination of locusts
分类号:
S433.2;K244
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
北宋蝗灾的频率仅次于水、旱灾,蝗灾常引发饥荒和人口的流徙死亡,影响社会稳定。采用历史学、灾害学的研究方法,通过数据统计法、图表分析法研究今陕西省区域在北宋时的蝗灾状况。北宋时陕西发生蝗灾的区域主要是关中地区,时间上大多是夏秋之际。其治蝗措施主要以中央政府诏令为主导,因此陕西地区所采取的措施在其他地区多有施行。虽然北宋陕西在治蝗的过程中产生了一些问题,但因其不断完善治蝗中的不足,使熙宁九年后少有蝗灾。北宋陕西所施行的这些措施也为其后世应对蝗灾打下了基础。
Abstract:
The frequency of locust plague in the Northern Song Dynasty was only lower than that of flood and drought, and locust plague often led to famine, population migration and death, thus threatening social stability. In this paper, we mainly adopting the research methods of history and disaster science, stuied the locust disaster situation of Shaanxi province in the Northern Song Dynasty by means of data statistics and chart analysis. During the Northern Song Dynasty, locust disasters of Shaanxi province occurred mainly in Guanzhong areas geographically and in summer and autumn temporally. Measures of eliminating locusts were mainly dominated by the central government, and most of them were carried out in other areas. Although there existed weaknesses in these measures, due to its continuous improvement in the locust shortage, leading to few locust disasters since the ninth year in the reign of emperor Xi’ning. These measures adopted in Shaanxi in the Northern Song Dynasty laid a foundation for future battles against locust plagues.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-07-09 基金项目:中央专项资金资助研究生科研创新项目(Yxm2017098) 作者简介:孟聪敏(1994—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为中国古代史。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-30